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Paragraph 84 House Design – Tailored Architecture

What is a Paragraph 84 House?

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How a Paragraph 84 House is defined.

An isolated house of exceptional design in the open countryside is the definition of a Paragraph 84 house.

The term is directly lifted from the paragraph of the ‘National Planning Policy Framework’ which underpins the planning policy of England and Wales. The cause originates from PPG 7 – Paragraph 3.21 first established in 1997 with the original vision to drive improvement in the quality of architectural design through the establishment of exemplary isolated houses in open countryside. This is a change from the ‘no development in the countryside’ policy which had been in place since 1947. The planning policy has evolved over the subsequent revisions to national policy and in addition to PPG 7 – Paragraph 3.21 has been formally known as Paragraph 80, Paragraph 79, and Paragraph 55.

Creative, sensitive, innovative, and environmentally forward-looking architectural designs are required to successfully prove that any proposed paragraph 84(e) house is of exceptional quality. Thus, encompassing the government’s vision to raise the bar of the architectural quality and construction of new housing within open countryside.

How we use low-energy and Passive House principles to design Paragraph 84 houses?

Sustainability is the bedrock of Tailored Architecture’s design, construction, and development process.


We adopted these six design principles, derived from Passive House, in every project we undertake to deliver energy-efficient and light tough environmental homes.

Building form

Building form is always derived directly from the site context, with considerations taken to minimise the overall surface area of the thermal envelope. A dense and efficient form and massing reduces the heat loss minimising the required heat demand and emissions.

Solar access

Solar gains are considered to maximise the winter warmth available reducing overall heat demand. Careful design of window openings and potential solar shading in the form of sliding screens and horizontal canopies will be deployed to reduce risks of overheating in summer. Natural ventilation will be use for summer time cooling avoiding the use of mechanical comfort cooling.

Fabric first

All buildings are designed with enhanced building fabric to lower the required heating demand, also coupled with airtightness to further reduce heat losses. This allows for a smaller heating plant to be installed reducing overall emissions.

Embodied carbon

Materials and construction methods where possible will be chosen to limit their embodied carbon emissions.

Low carbon heating systems and renewable technologies

Enhanced building fabric and careful inclusion of controlled solar access allows for the installation and operation of an low-carbon heating systems for example heat-pumps. This will reduce the overall heating impact of the proposed dwelling. Battery storage is to be considered to provide electrical storage reducing the impact of peak energy use.

Deconstruction and re-use

Consideration of the materials and construction methods used to allow for deconstruction and reuse in their current form. Reducing the disposal element of construction and energy intensive recycling processes.